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Columns » Immigrant’s Civil War
The Memphis massacre of 1866: a race riot pits immigrants against freed slaves

White mob burning a school for freed slaves in Memphis in 1866.

The Memphis massacre of 1866: a race riot pits immigrants against freed slaves

by Patrick Young, Esq. on April 22, 2016  

One of the worst race riots in American history would involve two of the poorest groups in Memphis Tennessee.

Prelude to a Reconstruction Riot: Irish and Blacks in Memphis in 1866

Memphis was a busy transportation hub and a center for Irish immigrant life in the 1860s. After the war it became a place of racial turmoil.

Prelude to a Reconstruction Riot: Irish and Blacks in Memphis in 1866

by Patrick Young, Esq. on April 7, 2016  

Ex-Confederates, freed slaves, Irish immigrants, and Union troops formed a combustible mixture in Memphis, Tennessee at the end of the Civil War.

The Immigrants Civil War in the South

Ten percent of all immigrants lived in the slave states.

The Immigrants Civil War in the South

by Patrick Young, Esq. on March 31, 2016  

This page indexes articles on immigrants in the South during the Civil War Era.

Immigrants, Race, and Emancipation

by Patrick Young, Esq. on March 31, 2016  

The Immigrants' Civil War looks at immigrant racial attitudes and reactions to slavery and Emancipation.

The Immigrants Civil War: The Irish

by Patrick Young, Esq. on March 31, 2016  

Index of articles on Irish during the Civil War.

Immigrants in the Reconstruction Era

An Index to articles on the Reconstruction Era.

Immigrants in the Reconstruction Era

by Patrick Young, Esq. on March 31, 2016  

From the condition of the South in the months after Lee's Surrender to the advent of the 14th Amendment.

The Immortal Irishman by Timothy Egan: Book Review

Thomas Francis Meagher's statue outside of the Montana State Capitol.

The Immortal Irishman by Timothy Egan: Book Review

by Patrick Young, Esq. on March 24, 2016  

The young Irish revolutionary who led the Irish Brigade in the Civil War finds his biographer in Pulitzer Prize inner Timothy Egan.

The Irish Brigade in The Immigrants’ Civil War

by Patrick Young, Esq. on March 16, 2016  

The Irish Brigade Index.

The Draft Riots

An Index to articles on the July 1863 Draft Riots in New York.

The Draft Riots

by Patrick Young, Esq. on March 16, 2016  

The worst riot in New York history took place right after the Battle of Gettysburg.

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